Lighthouse Pavement, Plymouth

The Eddystone Lighthouse Pavement is located at the northern end of Millbay Park in Plymouth, near the Duke of Cornwall Hotel.  The design shows the lowest complete course of the third Eddystone Lighthouse. 

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John Smeaton developed a special form of mortar designed to set underwater.  The granite blocks used dovetail joints and marble dowels, and it was the first lighthouse in the world to be constructed with such a design.

Work began on the lighthouse construction in 1756 at Millbay.  Smeaton built a jetty and work yard in the harbour’s southwest corner to work and load the stone.  It was first lit in October 1759.

In 1882 the current Eddystone Lighthouse was completed. Two-thirds of Smeaton’s Tower was then removed and relocated to Plymouth Hoe where it stands today.  The remainder of the stump stands alongside the operational lighthouse.

Smeatons Tower
Smeaton’s Tower on Plymouth Hoe

Also in the lighthouse pavement is a replica of the lump of lead swallowed by lighthouse keeper Henry Hall.  He swallowed the molten lead during a fire in Rudyerd’s Eddystone Lighthouse.

Eddystone Lighthouse Pavement
The replica of lead swallowed by Henry Hall

The Lighthouse Pavement is only a short walk away from Smeaton’s Tower on Plymouth Hoe. The lighthouse is open to the public.

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