The lighthouses of North Wales can be found in the counties of Flintshire, Conwy, Anglesey and Gwynedd.
Please note that some of these lighthouses offer holiday accommodation, or may be privately owned, so please take care not to trespass or drive on private property. Please refer to the Lighthouse Directory page for more information.
Lighthouses of North Wales
Overlooking the Dee estuary on high ground, the Garreg Pharos is thought to be a Roman lighthouse. It is now well hidden by trees but is worth looking for if you have the time. Further north, marking the estuary entrance, Point of Ayr Lighthouse was built in 1776, but has since been decommissioned.
The northern part of Wales is an important shipping route into Liverpool. To announce the arrival of vessels off Holyhead, a line of telegraph stations was used to communicate using an elaborate flag system. This information was then transmitted along the coast to Liverpool, and messages could be received in minutes.
The latter lighthouses came under the jurisdiction of the Mersey Docks and Harbour Board. In 1973 the Mersey Docks and Harbour Board handed over the operation of Great Ormes Head Lighthouse to Trinity House. For a time, the magnificent optic from the lighthouse was located in the Harbour Board building in Liverpool, now the Port of Liverpool office. It was later repatriated to Llanduduno, where it now resides in the Summit Museum.
In 1836 all lighthouses still in private ownership came under the authority of Trinity House. Located a few miles off Holyhead, Skerries Lighthouse was the last to be purchased by Trinity House. Following a lengthy legal battle, in 1841 Trinity House paid the significant sum of £444,984.
South Stack Lighthouse on Holyhead is located on its own island linked to the mainland by a small bridge. You can walk out to the lighthouse, but don’t forget that you have to climb steep steps down to the island and all the way back again!
Two islands make up St Tudwal‘s Islands; the lighthouse is located on the western island, owned by adventurer Bear Grylls.