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Pendeen Lighthouse

Located on the north coast of Cornwall between Lands End and St Ives, Pendeen Lighthouse was built in 1900.

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It was not until the late 1800s that Trinity House decided to build a lighthouse and fog signal here. Pendeen Lighthouse was built by Arthur Carkeek of Redruth under the direction of Trinity House Engineer in Chief Sir Thomas Matthews. The tower was constructed of rubble stone with a cement facing and stands 56ft high and 195ft above sea level. Before work could begin, the cap of the Point had to be removed, and the whole headland flattened. A huge retaining wall was built on the seaward side.

The light was finally lit on 26th September 1900, using a five wick Argand Lamp. This was replaced in 1926 when the light was electrified.

Below the lighthouse can be found the wreck of The Liberty, although mostly eroded by the sea, parts of it are still visible on what the locals call “Liberty Rock”.    

The height of cliffs along this part of the coastline prevented passing vessels from catching sight of Trevose Head Lighthouse to the east, or Longships Lighthouse to the west and so many vessels were unable to ascertain their position, coming to grief on the exposed rocks at Pendeen.    

Pendeen Lighthouse, also known as Pendeen Watch, was automated in 1995. The loud compressed air fog signal was replaced by an electric signal, and this was discontinued on 29th April 2014.    

Pendeen Lighthouse

  • Established: 1900   
  • Height of Tower: 17 metres   
  • Elevation: 59 metres   
  • Automated: 1995   
  • Character: Fl (4) 15s   
  • Fog signal: discontinued 2014.   
  • Range of light: 16 miles   
  • Engineer: Sir Thomas Matthews


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