Pendeen Lighthouse was built in 1900 under the direction of Trinity House Engineer in Chief Sir Thomas Matthews.
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Located on the north coast of Cornwall between Lands End and St Ives, Pendeen was believed to be a secret place for smuggling activities.
Below the lighthouse can be found the wreck of The Liberty, although mostly eroded by the sea, parts of it are still visible on what the locals call “Liberty Rock”.
The height of cliffs along this part of the coastline prevented passing vessels from catching sight of Trevose Head Lighthouse to the east, or Longships Lighthouse to the west and so many vessels were unable to ascertain their position, coming to grief on the exposed rocks at Pendeen.
It was not until the late 1800s that Trinity House decided to build a lighthouse and fog signal here, the light being first exhibited on 26th September 1900.
Pendeen Lighthouse, also known as Pendeen Watch, was automated in 1995. The loud compressed air fog signal was replaced by an electric signal, and this was discontinued on 29th April 2014.
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